In this Photoshop tutorial we're going to create an old poster. The main purpose of this tutorial is to show you many different Photoshop techniques and a non-destructive approach by using many separate layers. The photograph that was used can be replaced by any other photograph, so you might even think about using this Photoshop tutorial for posters or cards with friends or family involved.
Let me first start by saying that this Photoshop tutorial is spread over two pages. Click on 2 (top or bottom) to go to the second page.
The tutorial contains 11 different sections
In this tutorial we're going to make a glass ball. The main goal of this Photoshop tutorial is that you get an idea how to approach this. It's not that important to remember all settings, but it's more important that you understand what's exactly happening.
The tutorial is divided into 5 main areas:
We will make use of many clipped layers (I will explain their function at a later stage). Several Photoshop techniques will be used to create things like texture, a rough edge, rips, folds, dirt, scratches, etc.There is little painting involved using the brush, but only in restricted areas, since most will be done with effects. You don't have to be an experienced painter to achieve descent results with this tutorial and the few moments that you have to use a brush I will show you with screenshots what the result should look like.
Important: some of the steps require some freehand random movements with the mouse (painting, burning, dodging). This will also mean that your results will never be exactly the same as mine. However if you use the images mainly as a guideline then you can't go wrong, at least that was my experience after testing the finished tutorial.
|1. Prepare the document|
|1. Create the basic shape|
Save the following file called Newspaper on your computer (right click on the link and select in Windows Save Target As...).
Open a new file, 800x600 pixels.
For this tutorial I've chosen to go for a rather small file (640x480 pixels), just to make it easier for you to see what you're doing.
Click on the Create a new layer icon in the layers palette to add a new layer and rename it Basic Shape by double clicking on its name.
Open the file in Photoshop. Add a new layer by clicking on the Create a new layer icon .Grab the Elliptical Marquee tool from your toolbar and make a selection (hold down the shift key before you make the selection to make the selection a perfect circle) somewhere in the area and with the size that I'm showing here:
Select the Rectangular Marquee tool and draw a rectangle like this:
|2. Fill the selection with the base color of the glass ball|
Double click on the foreground color in the tool bar marked with red in this screenshot:
Click on the foreground color in the tool bar marked with red in this screenshot:
In the Color Picker window that opens enter the value EEE0C5 (beige) in the area marked with red.
In the Color Picker window that opens you enter the value D6D3C0 in the area marked with A:
Note: to save you time and to avoid mistakes, just copy/paste the number.
Grab the Paint Bucket Tool and fill the selection with this color. Press Ctrl +D (Command + D on the Mac) to get rid of the selection. You can also use the menu to do this: Select/Deselect.
|3. Add a layer style|
Select the Paint Bucket tool and fill the rectangular selection with the current foreground color:
Go to the layers palette and click on the Add a Layer Style icon and select Inner Shadow and use the settings shown here (watch out: the color white is selected):
Select in the menu Select / Deselect to remove the current rectangular selection.
The result should look like this:
|2. Create stains|
In this section we're going to use Photoshop to add two random stains to our poster. You can paint them by hand using a brush, but I will show you that you can also use the clouds filter instead.
|4. Add a gradient|
Change the foreground color again like we did previously but his time use a value of EECE93.
Add a new layer by clicking on the Create a new layer icon .
Click on the Create a new layer icon in the layers palette to add a new layer and rename it Medium Color by double clicking on its name.
Clip this layer with the layer underneath by pressing Ctrl + G (Command
Select the Paint Bucket tool and fill the layer with the current foreground color.
Clip this layer with the previous layer by pressing Ctrl+G (command + G on the Mac).
A clipping layer only affects the layer underneath. You'll see soon what I mean.
Note: If you use Photoshop CS2 you have to press Ctrl + Alt + G (Command
Change the background color in the tool bar and use the following color: 65645F. We're now going to draw a gradient using the current fore- and background colors. Select the Gradient Tool in the toolbar (if it's not visible, then look under the Paint Bucket tool ).
Take a short look at the next screenshot. Make sure that a linear gradient (B) is selected in the options bar at the top and that the option Reverse (C) is selected. (mode should be normal, opacity 100%, dither and transparency should be both selected, but in most cases they're probably already having the right values)
Note: a layer that is clipped will only affect the pixels of the layer to which it's clipped (attached) and transparent areas will be ignored.
If you don't see a gradient that uses your colors at A which should look like this , then double click on the gradient in the options bar (A) and select the gradient from the list (most likely the first one) and click OK.
Add a mask to this layer by clicking on the Add layer mask iconin the layers palette.Press the letter D on your keyboard to make your fore- and background color white and black.Go to the menu and select Filter / Render / Clouds:
Start in the middle where you see the red dot and end where you see the blue dot Just before the area where the main color is getting lighter).